ABSTRACT

The aim of this proposed project is the development of a computer-based model system to determine the bundle of air pollution control measures, that is capable of achieving compliance with air quality limit and target values (for emission, concentrations and deposition) for specific pollutants at least-costs. Furthermore, the model will be used to calculate benefits, i.e. avoided damage costs by implementing air pollution control measures, first in a physical way, and in a second step - as far as possible - in monetary terms. Thus, costs and benefits of different bundles of measures can be estimated and cost-benefit analysis can be applied. In addition, macroeconomic effects and distributional impacts of pollution control strategies are determined.
The project is designed for a duration of three years, matching the plans for setting up a Clean Air for Europe (CAFE) strategy. During the first year, date collection and the definition of interfaces within the project and to external sources/users will be the focus. Throughout the second year, model adaption and the development and enhancement of the tools for assessment will prevail, resulting in the availability of a complete instrument for integrated assessment at the beginning of the third year. This last year will be used for testing and applying the model framework, adapting to upcoming issues and providing policy support to the EC bodies involved in developing air pollution control strategies for Europe.
Regarding the overall objectives described above, the following tasks have to be carried out in the project:

  • preparation of input data
  • development and application of an integrated assessment models
  • development of a methodology to assess macroeconomic and distributional effects
  • application of the model framework

Modeling and assessment will be conducted at all necessary levels, from atmospheric dispersion modeling on European and urban scale to macroeconomic impact assessment of optimized control strategies for all relevant pollutants and the assessment of distributional effects and burden sharing issues.
Besides being applied to a base case and future trends within the project, the instrument developed will be designed to serve as a tool for policy support.

Major milestones will be the completion of data collection after elapse 12 months and the availability of the full integrated modeling instrument after elapse 24 months. A final milestone will be the completion of the analysis and defining recommendations for policy deployment and implementation after elapse 36 months. Results from this project will be tools and methods to assess European air pollution control strategies their efficency to achieve air quality targets and impacts on economic indicators